Tennessee Association of Alcohol, Drug & other Addiction Services
Airport Executive Plaza
1321 Murfreesboro Pike Suite 155
Nashville, TN 37217
Phone: 615-780-5901 email@example.com
HIV & AIDS
Things You Need To Know
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
A condition that reduces the body’s ability to fight disease, thus the
person becomes vulnerable to life threatening infections and cancer.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV):
The official name for the virus that is ultimately responsible for AIDS.
The system in the body that helps resists organisms causing disease.
The t4 Helper Cell is an important and crucial component of the system.
The Human Immunodeficiency
Virus has some special characteristics:
It can take many years from the time of infection until signs or symptoms
of the illness appear. This means an infected person can appear
healthy but can pass the virus on to others. There is no way to look
at someone and know if they are carrying the virus.
¨ HIV is found in body fluids of infected
people. Blood, semen and vaginal fluids contain larger amounts of the
virus than tears and saliva.
HIV is a sexually transmitted disease, like herpes and syphilis, because it can be transmitted through sexual acts. Sexual contact is the most common form of transmission.
¨ The second most common form
of transmitting AIDS is by sharing needles and syringes during intravenous
drug use. People who use cocaine (including crack, rock, etc.,) often
develop such a desire for the drug that they trade sex for drugs.
People who drink alcohol or other chemicals that induce a blackout put
themselves in jeopardy because they cannot remember what they did, with
whom, etc. especially in sexual behavior. Using alcohol and other
drugs impairs the ability to make responsible decisions this “risky
behavior’ must be avoided in this age of AIDS.
¨ Male-to-male sex accounts for the
major sexual transmission of AIDS, however, heterosexual cases are on
¨ Blood transfusions or blood products can also cause infections. Today, the virus can be detected by finding its antibodies in the blood before it is used for transfusions making the blood supply considerably safer.
Signs & Symptoms
If you are sexually active, consult with a responsible health professional, read all the information available and make sure you get the facts. Remember, even if you have never used drugs, if you have sex with a person who used or is using needles for intravenous drug use, you put yourself at risk for infection.
How To Avoid the Virus
Never share intravenous needles
Never use ear piercing or tattoo equipment unless you know it is
Avoid blood-to-blood contact
Abstain (avoid) oral, anal or vaginal intercourse
Numerous studies show that HIV is not transmitted through sweat,
tears, and saliva.
TAADAS Meetings are held the 2nd Thursday each month 1 PM - 3 PM at the TAADAS office building 2nd floor.