Tennessee Association of Alcohol, Drug & other Addiction Services
Airport Executive Plaza
1321 Murfreesboro Pike Suite 155
Nashville, TN 37217
Phone: 615-780-5901 firstname.lastname@example.org
Things You Need To Know
What are Rave Clubs?
“Raves” are large all-night dance parties, held in unusual settings
like warehouses or railroad yards that feature computer generated high
volume pulsating music, known as “techno” or “house” music. Rave clubs got
their start in England in the late 1980’s and are known for the music and
use of drugs like Ecstasy.
Rave club goers are known as “Ravers”. All “Ravers” do not
consume drugs. The club scene seems to be attracting adolescents from age
13 to young adults in their mid-to-late 20’s. Party announcements
can be found posted on colorful fliers, through word of mouth, even on the
Internet. The phenomenon known as the “Rave Movement” has been
compared to the “Peace & Love Movement” of the 1960 and 1970’s.
Partygoers often can be found with surgical facemasks (used to inhale
various substances), baby pacifiers (used to control the teeth grinding
that goes along with Ecstasy use), glow sticks (used to heighten the “high”
from hallucinogenic substances). and wild or elaborate costumes.
What substances are being used on the Rave dance scene?
There are a variety of substances that have been connected with Rave Clubs. This is a brief list of some of the drugs by slang names and some of their effects:
Hallucinogen/Stimulant Ecstasy is a synthetic drug that is similar
to methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. Ecstasy can produce
a significant increase in heart rate and blood pressure and a sense of
alertness. The stimulant effects, which enable users to dance for
extended periods, may also lead to dehydration, hypertension, and heart or
kidney failure. Ecstasy can cause brain damage. It is one of the
most widely used of the club drugs.
Ephedrine – Stimulant This substance is sold
over-the-counter at convenience stores, some food stores, and mail order.
It is sold often as ‘Herbal Ecstasy’ and is touted as a ‘safe’ and ‘legal’
form of Ecstasy. Ephedrine is in the Amphetamine family and can cause
heart attacks, seizures, agitation, palpitations, and other health problems.
Ephedrine is a common weight-loss substance. The FDA has proposed
restrictions on ephedrine after it received more than 800 reports of harmful
effects to people, among them coronary problems that could put patients at
risk for heart attacks, strokes and death.
Ketamine – Hallucinogen Ketamine is an animal
tranquilizer used by vets in pet surgery. Users say the effects of Ketamine are
similar to PCP. Ketamine is usually snorted and is frequently used in
combination with other drugs like ecstasy, heroin and cocaine. The high lasts
anywhere from 30-minutes to about 2-hours. Special K or powdered Ketamine,
emerged as a recreational drug in the 1970s and was known as “Vitamin K’ in the
underground club scene in the 1980s. It has since resurfaced as “Special
K” in the 1990s rave scene.
GHB – Depressant This substance comes in a liquid form and looks like water and has a salty taste. GHB is used as a “club drug” for effects similar to those of Rohypnol, also known as “date rape drugs.” Coma and seizures can occur following of GHB and when combined with methamphetamine.
Mixing GHB with alcohol
could be a deadly combination. Excessive use of GHB can result in loss of
consciousness (G-hole), tremors, irregular and depressed respiration and
Methcathinone – Stimulant Known on the
street as Khat or cat it produces an amphetamine like effect. The
drug produces a burst of energy and feeling of invincibility, accompanied
by a state of well being and euphoria. Effects include paranoia,
hallucinations, nervousness and anxiety. Physical effects can be
pounding heart, headaches stomachaches, and shakes. Khat is most
often snorted, but may also be injected with a needle or taken orally by
mixing with a beverage such as a soft drink.
Hallucinogen LSD induces abnormalities in sensory
perceptions. Effects are unpredictable depending on the amount
taken, on the surroundings in which the drug is used, and on the user’s
personality, mood, and expectations. It can be in the form of a
tablet, capsule, liquid, or on pieces of blotter paper that have absorbed
the drug and is typically taken by mouth. Effects come on within 30
to 90 minutes after taking and can include physical effects of dilated
pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure,
sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, and tremors.
Magic Mushrooms – Hallucinogen The effects of Mushrooms or “Shrooms” are similar to LSD. They include illusions and hallucinations, distorted perception of time and distance. It is ingested orally in the form of tablets or powder. Trips or episodes can consist of psychosis, convulsions, flashbacks, and possible death.
Methamphetamine – Stimulant Methamphetamine affects many
areas of the central nervous system. The drug is often made in clandestine
laboratories from relatively inexpensive over-the-counter ingredients.
Diverse groups, including young adults who attend raves, in many regions
of the country, are using it. It is available in many forms, and can be
smoked, snorted, injected, or orally ingested. Methamphetamine use
is associated with serious health consequences, including memory loss,
aggression, violence, psychotic behavior, and potential cardiac and
neurological damage. Abusers typically are agitated, have excited speech,
decreased appetite, and increased physical activity levels.
Some of the substances on the list are not new to the drug scene.
At least half of them were being abused in the 1960’s, 1970’s and 1980’s.
During the 90’s emergency room admissions increased due to club drug
usage. It can be very dangerous to mix some of these substances
together and/or to take with alcohol.
TAADAS Meetings are held the 2nd Thursday each month 1 PM - 3 PM at the TAADAS office building 2nd floor.